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Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Fiscal Quarter Ended August 29, 2021, or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition period for _________ to _________.
Commission file number: 000-27446
LANDEC CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware94-3025618
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(IRS Employer Identification Number)
2811 Airpark Drive
Santa Maria,California93455
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

(650) 306-1650
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 Title of each class 
Trading Symbol
 Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share
LNDC
The NASDAQ Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒  No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒  No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer ☒Emerging Growth Company
Non Accelerated Filer Smaller Reporting Company   
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No  
As of October 4, 2021, there were 29,461,710 shares of common stock outstanding.



Table of Contents

LANDEC CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
For the Fiscal Quarter Ended August 29, 2021

INDEX
Page

i

Table of Contents
LANDEC CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except par value)
August 29, 2021May 30, 2021
(unaudited)
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$1,447 $1,295 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for credit losses61,956 70,013 
Inventories69,415 69,663 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets9,591 7,350 
Total Current Assets142,409 148,321 
Investment in non-public company, fair value 45,100 
Property and equipment, net180,460 179,559 
Operating lease right-of-use assets14,299 20,827 
Goodwill69,386 69,386 
Trademarks/tradenames, net25,328 25,328 
Customer relationships, net10,295 10,792 
Other assets3,442 3,611 
Total Assets$445,619 $502,924 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
Accounts payable$46,355 $47,569 
Accrued compensation9,173 12,304 
Other accrued liabilities10,855 7,996 
Current portion of lease liabilities 4,054 3,889 
Deferred revenue1,216 1,130 
Line of credit32,000 29,000 
Total Current Liabilities103,653 101,888 
Long-term debt, net123,833 164,902 
Long-term lease liabilities17,072 23,611 
Deferred taxes, net4,091 6,140 
Other non-current liabilities3,105 3,599 
Total Liabilities251,754 300,140 
Stockholders’ Equity:
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 50,000 shares authorized; 29,462 and 29,333 shares issued and outstanding at August 29, 2021 and May 30, 2021, respectively
29 29 
Additional paid-in capital165,725 165,533 
Retained earnings29,103 38,580 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(992)(1,358)
Total Stockholders’ Equity193,865 202,784 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity$445,619 $502,924 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
-1-

Table of Contents
LANDEC CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended
August 29, 2021August 30, 2020
Product sales
$128,788 $135,643 
Cost of product sales
111,269 119,296 
Gross profit
17,519 16,347 
Operating costs and expenses:
Research and development
2,826 2,508 
Selling, general and administrative
15,939 17,903 
Restructuring costs2,562 8,404 
Total operating costs and expenses
21,327 28,815 
Operating loss(3,808)(12,468)
Dividend income
 281 
Interest income
27 8 
Interest expense(7,917)(3,109)
Other income (expense), net109 (21)
Net loss before tax(11,589)(15,309)
Income tax benefit2,112 4,309 
Net loss$(9,477)$(11,000)
Net loss per common share:
Basic$(0.32)$(0.38)
Diluted$(0.32)$(0.38)
Shares used in per share computation:
Basic
29,424 29,242 
Diluted
29,424 29,242 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Net unrealized gain (losses) on interest rate swaps (net of tax effect of $(90) and $(121))
$366 $304 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax366 304 
Total comprehensive loss$(9,111)$(10,696)

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
-2-

Table of Contents
LANDEC CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share amounts)

Three Months Ended August 29, 2021
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
 Loss
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Common Stock
Shares
Amount
Balance at May 30, 202129,333 $29 $165,533 $38,580 $(1,358)$202,784 
Issuance of stock under stock plans, net of shares withheld129 — — — —  
Taxes paid by Company for employee stock plans— — (428)— — (428)
Stock-based compensation— — 620 — — 620 
Net loss— — — (9,477)— (9,477)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 366 366 
Balance at August 29, 202129,462 $29 $165,725 $29,103 $(992)$193,865 

Three Months Ended August 30, 2020
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Common Stock
Shares
Amount
Balance at May 31, 202029,224 $29 $162,578 $71,245 $(2,808)$231,044 
Issuance of stock under stock plans, net of shares withheld18
Taxes paid by Company for employee stock plans(82)(82)
Stock-based compensation892892
Net loss(11,000)(11,000)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax304304
Balance at August 30, 202029,242$29 $163,388 $60,245 $(2,504)$221,158 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
-3-

Table of Contents
LANDEC CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
August 29, 2021August 30, 2020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(9,477)$(11,000)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation, amortization of intangibles, debt costs and right-of-use assets5,054 5,102 
Deferred taxes(2,138)(4,349)
Stock-based compensation expense620 892 
Provision for expected credit losses60 35 
Net loss (gain) on disposal of property and equipment held and used16 (11)
(Gain) loss on disposal of property and equipment related to restructuring, net(92)6,005 
Other, net(70)21 
Changes in current assets and current liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net7,997 11,144 
Inventories248 6,313 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(2,697)1,353 
Accounts payable1,517 917 
Accrued compensation(3,131)(139)
Other accrued liabilities2,838 613 
Deferred revenue86 125 
Net cash provided by operating activities831 17,021 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Sale of Investment in non-public company45,100  
Purchases of property and equipment(7,913)(4,623)
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment1,082 4,855 
Net cash provided by investing activities38,269 232 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Payments on long-term debt(41,388)(8,030)
Proceeds from lines of credit8,000 11,000 
Payments on lines of credit(5,000)(19,400)
Payments for debt issuance costs(132)(512)
Taxes paid by Company for employee stock plans(428)(82)
Net cash used in financing activities(38,948)(17,024)
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash152 229 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period1,295 553 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$1,447 $782 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment on trade vendor credit$1,994 $978 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
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LANDEC CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 
(Unaudited)

1.    Organization, Basis of Presentation, and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Organization
Landec Corporation and its subsidiaries (“Landec” or the “Company”) design, develop, manufacture, and sell differentiated products for food and biomaterials markets, and license technology applications to partners.
Landec’s biomedical company, Lifecore Biomedical, Inc. (“Lifecore”), is a fully integrated contract development and manufacturing organization (“CDMO”) that offers highly differentiated capabilities in the development, fill and finish of sterile, injectable-grade pharmaceutical products in syringes and vials. As a leading manufacturer of premium, injectable grade Hyaluronic Acid, Lifecore brings 36 years of expertise as a partner for global and emerging biopharmaceutical and biotechnology companies across multiple therapeutic categories to bring their innovations to market. Lifecore recognizes revenue in two different product categories, CDMO and Fermentation.
Landec’s natural food company, Curation Foods, Inc. (“Curation Foods”), is focused on innovating and distributing plant-based foods with 100% clean ingredients to retail, club and foodservice channels throughout North America. Curation Foods is able to maximize product freshness through its geographically dispersed family of growers, refrigerated supply chain and patented BreatheWay packaging technology. Its products are sold in natural food, conventional grocery and mass retail stores, primarily in the United States and Canada. The company categorizes revenue in three categories, fresh packaged salads and vegetables, avocado products and technology which reports revenues for BreatheWay patented supply chain solutions. Included in the Curation Foods segment and fresh packaged salads and vegetables revenue disaggregation is O Olive Oil & Vinegar (“O”), which is a premier producer of California specialty olive oils and wine vinegars. Also included in the Curation Foods segment are the dividends from and Landec’s share of the change in the fair market value of the Company’s 26.9% investment in Windset Holdings 2010 Ltd. (“Windset”), until the Company sold that investment on June 1, 2021.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Landec have been prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) have been made which are necessary to present fairly the financial position of the Company at August 29, 2021, and the results of operations and cash flows for all periods presented. Although Landec believes that the disclosures in these financial statements are adequate to make the information presented not misleading, certain information normally included in financial statements and related footnotes prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The accompanying financial data should be reviewed in conjunction with the audited financial statements and accompanying notes included in Landec's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 30, 2021 (the “Annual Report”).
The Company’s fiscal year is the 52- or 53-week period that ends on the last Sunday of May with quarters within each year ending on the last Sunday of August, November, and February; however, in instances where the last Sunday would result in a quarter being 12-weeks in length, the Company’s policy is to extend that quarter to the following Sunday. A 14th week is included in the fiscal year every five or six years to realign the Company’s fiscal quarters with calendar quarters.
The results of operations for the three months ended August 29, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for an entire fiscal year because there is some seasonality in Curation Foods’ business and the order patterns of Lifecore’s customers which may lead to significant fluctuations in Landec’s quarterly results of operations.
Basis of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements are presented on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with GAAP and include the accounts of Landec Corporation and its subsidiaries, Curation Foods and Lifecore. All material inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated.
Arrangements that are not controlled through voting or similar rights are reviewed under the guidance for variable interest entities (“VIEs”). A company is required to consolidate the assets, liabilities and operations of a VIE if it is determined to be the primary beneficiary of the VIE.
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An entity is a VIE and subject to consolidation, if by design: (a) the total equity investment at risk is not sufficient to permit the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support provided by any parties, including equity holders or (b) as a group the holders of the equity investment at risk lack any one of the following three characteristics: (i) the power, through voting rights or similar rights to direct the activities of an entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance, (ii) the obligation to absorb the expected losses of the entity, or (iii) the right to receive the expected residual returns of the entity. The Company reviewed the consolidation guidance and concluded that the equity investment in the non-public company by the Company is not a VIE.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. The accounting estimates that require management’s most significant and subjective judgments include revenue recognition; loss contingencies; sales returns and credit losses; recognition and measurement of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities; the assessment of recoverability of long-lived and indefinite lived assets (including intangible assets), and inventory; and the valuation and recognition of stock-based compensation.
These estimates involve the consideration of complex factors and require management to make judgments. The analysis of historical and future trends can require extended periods of time to resolve and are subject to change from period to period. The actual results may differ from management’s estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company records all highly liquid securities with three months or less from date of purchase to maturity as cash equivalents. Cash equivalents consist mainly of money market funds. The market value of cash equivalents approximates their historical cost given their short-term nature.
Reconciliation of Cash and Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash as presented on the Statements of Cash Flows
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash reported within the Consolidated Balance Sheets that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:

(In thousands)August 29, 2021May 30, 2021August 30, 2020May 31, 2020
Cash and cash equivalents$1,447 $1,295 $589 $360 
Restricted cash  193 193 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$1,447 $1,295 $782 $553 

Inventories
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or net realizable value and consist of the following:
(In thousands)August 29, 2021May 30, 2021
Finished goods$35,142 $39,493 
Raw materials30,344 23,942 
Work in progress3,929 6,228 
Total$69,415 $69,663 

If the cost of the inventories exceeds their net realizable value, provisions are recorded currently to reduce them to net realizable value. The Company also records a provision for slow moving and obsolete inventories based on the estimate of demand for its products.

Accounts Receivable, Sales Returns and Allowance for Credit Losses
The Company carries its accounts receivable at their face amounts less an allowance for estimated sales returns and credit losses. Sales return allowances are estimated based on historical sales return amounts.
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The Company uses the loss rate method to estimate its expected credit losses on trade accounts receivable and contract assets. In order to estimate expected credit losses, the Company assessed recent historical experience, current economic conditions and any reasonable and supportable forecasts to identify risk characteristics that are shared within the financial asset. These risk characteristics are then used to bifurcate the loss rate method into risk pools. The risk pools were determined based on the industries in which the Company operates. Historical credit loss for each risk pool is then applied to the current period aging as presented in the identified risk pools to determine the needed reserve allowance. At times when there are no current economic conditions or forecasts that may affect future credit losses, the Company has determined that recent historical experience provides the best basis for estimating credit losses.
The information obtained from assessing historical experience, current economic conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts were used to identify risk characteristics that can affect future credit loss experience. There were no significant risk characteristics identified in the review of historical experiences or in the review of estimates of current economic conditions and forecasts.
Estimating credit losses based on risk characteristics requires significant judgment by management. Significant judgments include, but are not limited to: assessing current economic conditions and the extent to which they are relevant to the existing characteristics of the Company’s financial assets, the estimated life of financial assets, and the level of reliance on historical experience in light of economic conditions. The Company will continually review and update, when necessary, its historical risk characteristics that are meaningful to estimating credit losses, any new risk characteristics that arise in the natural course of business, and the estimated life of its financial assets.
The changes in the Company’s allowance for sales returns and credit losses are summarized in the following table (in thousands):

 Balance at
beginning of
period
Provision for expected credit lossesWrite offs,
net of
recoveries
Balance at
end of period
Three months ended August 29, 2021$279 $60 $(59)$280 

Related Party Transactions
The Company sells and licenses its BreatheWay® food packaging technology to Windset, in which, as further described in Note 2, the Company had a 26.9% ownership interest until it sold that interest on June 1, 2021. During the three months ended August 30, 2020, the Company recognized revenues of $0.1 million from product sales to and license fees from Windset. This amount has been included in Product sales in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income. The receivable balance of $0.1 million is included in Accounts receivable in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets as of May 30, 2021.
All related party transactions are monitored quarterly by the Company and approved by the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.
Debt Issuance Costs
The Company records its line of credit debt issuance costs as an asset, and as such, $0.7 million and $2.3 million were recorded as Prepaid expenses and other current assets, and Other assets in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets, respectively, as of August 29, 2021, and $0.7 million and $2.4 million, respectively, as of May 30, 2021. The Company records its term debt issuance costs as a contra-liability, and as such, $1.4 million and $4.8 million was recorded as Other accrued liabilities, and Long-term debt, net in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets, respectively, as of August 29, 2021 and $1.4 million and $5.1 million, respectively, as of May 30, 2021.
Financial Instruments
The Company’s financial instruments are primarily composed of commercial-term trade payables, grower advances, notes receivable, debt instruments, and derivative instruments. For short-term instruments, the historical carrying amount approximates the fair value of the instrument. The fair value of long-term debt and lines of credit approximates their carrying value.
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Cash Flow Hedges
The Company has entered into interest rate swap agreements to manage interest rate risk. These derivative instruments may offset a portion of the changes in interest expense. The Company designates these derivative instruments as cash flow hedges. The Company accounts for its derivative instruments as either an asset or a liability and carries them at fair value in Other assets or Other non-current liabilities. The accounting for changes in the fair value of the derivative instrument depends on the intended use of the derivative instrument and the resulting designation.
For derivative instruments that hedge the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows and are designated as cash flow hedges, the entire change in the fair value of the hedging instrument is recorded as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCL”) in Stockholders’ Equity. Those amounts are subsequently reclassified to earnings in the same line item in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income as impacted when the hedged item affects earnings. To receive hedge accounting treatment, cash flow hedges must be highly effective in offsetting changes to expected future cash flows on hedged transactions.
During the third quarter of fiscal year 2021, the Company discontinued its hedge accounting prospectively since it was determined that the derivatives are no longer highly effective in offsetting changes in the net investment. The derivatives continue to be carried at fair value in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets with changes in their fair values from the date of discontinued hedge accounting recognized in current period earnings in Other income (expense), net in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income. Amounts previously accumulated in AOCL during the period of effectiveness will continue to be realized over the remaining term of the underlying forecasted debt payments as a component of AOCL in Stockholders’ Equity.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Comprehensive income (loss) consists of two components, net loss and Other comprehensive income (loss) (“OCI”). OCI refers to revenue, expenses, and gains and losses that under GAAP are recorded as a component of stockholders’ equity but are excluded from net (loss) income. The Company’s OCI consists of net deferred gains and losses on its interest rate swap derivative instruments. The components of AOCL, net of tax, are as follows:

(In thousands)AOCL
Balance as of May 30, 2021$(1,358)
Amounts reclassified from OCI366 
Other comprehensive income, net366 
Balance as of August 29, 2021$(992)

The Company expects to reclassify approximately $0.7 million into earnings in the next 12 months.
Investment in Non-Public Company
On February 15, 2011, the Company made an investment in Windset which is reported as an investment in non-public company, fair value, in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets as of May 30, 2021. The Company has elected to account for its investment in Windset under the fair value option. See Note 2 – Investment in Non-public Company for further information. On June 1, 2021, the Company sold all of its equity interest in Windset to the Newell Capital Corporation and Newell Brothers Investment 2 Corp.
Assets Held for Sale
In January 2020, the Company decided to seek to divest its Curation Foods salad dressing plant in Ontario, California (“Ontario”). During fiscal year 2020, the Company (1) designated the fixed assets of its office and manufacturing space located in Ontario, California, as assets held for sale, and (2) recognized a $10.9 million impairment loss. In the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, the Company sold its interest in Ontario. The Company received net cash proceeds of $4.9 million in connection with the sale, and recorded a gain of $2.8 million during the three months ended August 30, 2020, which is included in Restructuring costs within the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income.
In June 2020 the Board of Directors approved a plan to close Curation Foods’ underutilized manufacturing operations in Hanover, Pennsylvania (“Hanover”), sell the building and assets related thereto, and consolidate its operations into its manufacturing facilities in Guadalupe, California and Bowling Green, Ohio. In the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, the Company recognized an $8.8 million impairment loss, which is included in Restructuring costs within the Consolidated Statements of
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Comprehensive (Loss) Income. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2021, the Company sold the Hanover building and assets related thereto for net proceeds of $8.0 million, no gain or loss was recorded upon the sale.
In May 2021 the Board of Directors approved a plan to sell Curation Foods’ Rock Hill, South Carolina distribution facility. The $0.5 million carrying value of this asset was included in prepaid expenses and other current assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of May 30, 2021, and was classified as an asset held for sale. There was no impairment recorded in fiscal year 2021. The asset was sold on June 9, 2021 for gross proceeds of $1.1 million. A gain of $0.6 million was recorded upon the sale, which is included in Restructuring costs within the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income.
Leases
Under Topic 842, the Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of remaining lease payments over the lease term. For this purpose, the Company considers only payments that are fixed and determinable at the time of commencement. As most of the leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. The incremental borrowing rate is a quoted rate based on the understanding of what the Company's credit rating would be. Certain agreements may contain the option to extend the lease term, terminate the lease before the contractual expiration date, or purchase the leased asset. The Company, when reasonably certain to exercise the option, considers these options in determining the measurement of the lease. The Company's lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees.
The Company's lease agreements generally contain lease and non-lease components. Non-lease components primarily include payments for maintenance and utilities. The Company combines fixed payments for non-lease components with lease payments and accounts for them together as a single lease component which increases the amount of lease assets and liabilities.
Payments under lease arrangements are primarily fixed; however, certain lease agreements contain variable payments, which are expensed as incurred and are not included in the operating lease assets and liabilities. These amounts primarily include payments affected by changes in price indices.
Intangible Assets
The Company’s intangible assets are comprised of customer relationships with a finite estimated useful life ranging from 11 years to 13 years, and trademarks/tradenames and goodwill with indefinite useful lives.
Finite-lived intangible assets are reviewed for possible impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances occur that indicate that the carrying amount of an asset (or asset group) may not be recoverable. Indefinite lived intangible assets are reviewed for impairment at least annually. For goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets, the Company performs a qualitative impairment analysis in accordance with ASC 350-30-35.
Fair Value Measurements
The Company uses fair value measurement accounting for financial assets and liabilities and for financial instruments and certain other items measured at fair value. The Company has elected the fair value option for its investment in a non-public company. The Company has not elected the fair value option for any of its other eligible financial assets or liabilities.
The accounting guidance established a three-tier hierarchy for fair value measurements, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:
Level 1 – observable inputs such as quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.
Level 2 – inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly through corroboration with observable market data.
Level 3 – unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which would require the Company to develop its own assumptions.
As of August 29, 2021 and May 30, 2021, the Company held certain assets and liabilities that are required or it elected to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis, including its interest rate swap contracts. The investment in Windset was required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis at May 30, 2021.
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The fair value of the Company’s interest rate swap contracts is determined based on model inputs that can be observed in a liquid market, including yield curves, and is categorized as a Level 2 fair value measurement and is included in Other assets or Other non-current liabilities in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.
As of May 30, 2021, related to Curation Foods’ distribution facility in Rock Hill, South Carolina the Company had $0.5 million in prepaid expenses and other current assets within the Consolidated Balance Sheet meeting the criteria of assets held for sale. These assets are recognized at the lower of cost or fair value less cost to sell using market approach. The fair value of these assets are classified as level 3 in the fair value hierarchy due to a mix of unobservable inputs utilized such as independent research in the market as well as actual quotes from market participants. See Note 8 for additional information.
The Company elected the fair value option of accounting for its investment in Windset. The calculation of fair value utilized significant unobservable inputs, including projected cash flows, growth rates, and discount rates. As a result, the Company’s investment in Windset was considered to be a Level 3 measurement investment. The Company sold its entire investment in Windset on June 1, 2021 for $45.1 million.
In determining the fair value of the investment in Windset, the Company utilized the following significant unobservable inputs in the discounted cash flow models:
August 29, 2021 Range
(Weighted Average)
May 30, 2021 Range
(Weighted Average)
Revenue growth ratesN/A
7% (6.9%)
Expense growth ratesN/A
0% to 8% (5.5)%
Discount ratesN/A10%

Imprecision in estimating unobservable market inputs can affect the amount of gain or loss recorded for a particular position. The use of different methodologies or assumptions to determine the fair value of certain financial instruments could result in a different estimate of fair value at the reporting date.
The following table summarizes the fair value of the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring and nonrecurring basis:
(In thousands)Fair Value at August 29, 2021Fair Value at May 30, 2021
Assets:Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 1Level 2Level 3
Assets held for sale - nonrecurring$ $ $ $ $ $515 
Investment in non-public company     45,100 
Total assets$ $ $ $ $ $45,615 
Liabilities:
Interest rate swap contracts$ $1,274 $ $ $1,736 $ 
Total liabilities$ $1,274 $ $ $1,736 $ 

The following table reflects the fair value roll forward reconciliation of Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at fair value for the three months ended August 29, 2021:

(In thousands)Windset Investment
Balance as of May 30, 2021$45,100 
Sale of Investment in non-public company(45,100)
Balance as of August 29, 2021$ 

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Revenue Recognition
The Company follows the five step, principles-based model to recognize revenue upon the transfer of promised goods or services to customers and in an amount that reflects the consideration for which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Revenue, net of estimated allowances and returns, is recognized when or as the Company satisfies its performance obligations under a contract and control of the product is transferred to the customer.
Curation Foods
Curation Foods’ standard terms of sale are generally included in its contracts and purchase orders. Revenue is recognized at the time shipment is made or upon delivery as control of the product is transferred to the customer. Shipping and other transportation costs charged to customers are recorded in both revenue and cost of goods sold. Curation Foods has elected to account for shipping and handling as fulfillment activities, and not as a separate performance obligation. Curation Foods’ standard payment terms with its customers generally range from 30 days to 90 days. Certain customers may receive cash-based incentives (including: volume rebates, discounts, and promotions), which are accounted for as variable consideration to Curation Foods’ performance obligations. Curation Foods estimates these sales incentives based on the expected amount to be provided to its customers and reduces revenues recognized towards its performance obligations. The Company has not historically had and does not anticipate significant changes in its estimates for variable consideration.
Lifecore

Lifecore generates revenue from two integrated activities: CDMO and Fermentation. CDMO is comprised of aseptic and development services. Lifecore’s standard terms of sale are generally included in its contracts and purchase orders. Shipping and other transportation costs charged to customers are recorded in both revenue and cost of goods sold. Lifecore has elected to account for shipping and handling as fulfillment activities, and not as a separate performance obligation. Lifecore’s standard payment terms with its customers generally range from 30 days to 60 days.
Aseptic

Lifecore provides aseptic formulation and filling of syringes and vials with precisely formulated medical grade HA and non-HA materials for injectable products used for medical purposes. In instances where our customers contract with us to aseptically fill syringes or vials with our HA, the goods are not distinct in the context of the contract. Lifecore recognizes revenue for these products at the point in time when legal title to the product is transferred to the customer, which is at the time that shipment is made or upon delivery of the product.

Development Services

Lifecore provides product development services to assist its customers in obtaining regulatory approval for the commercial sale of their drug product. These services include activities such as technology development, material component changes, analytical method development, formulation development, pilot studies, stability studies, process validation and production of materials for use within clinical studies. The Company’s customers benefit from the expertise of its scientists who have extensive experience performing such tasks.

Each of the promised goods and services are not distinct in the context of the contract as the goods and services are highly interdependent and interrelated. The services described above are significantly affected by each other because Lifecore would not be able to fulfill its promise by transferring each of the goods or services independently.

Revenues generated from development services arrangements are recognized over time as Lifecore is creating an asset without an alternate use as it is unique to the customer. Furthermore, the Company has an enforceable right to payment for the performance completed to date for its costs incurred in satisfying the performance obligation plus a reasonable profit margin. For each of the development activities performed by Lifecore as described above, labor is the primary input (i.e., labor costs represent the majority of the costs incurred in the completion of the services). The Company determined that labor hours are the best measure of progress as it most accurately depicts the effort extended to satisfy the performance obligation over time.

Fermentation

Lifecore manufactures and sells pharmaceutical-grade sodium hyaluronate (“HA”) in bulk form to its customers. The HA produced is distinct as customers are able to utilize the product provided under HA supply contracts when they obtain control. Lifecore recognizes revenue for these products at the point in time when legal title to the product is transferred to the customer, which is at the time that shipment is made or upon delivery of the product to our customer.
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The Company disaggregates its revenue by segment based on how it markets its products and services and reviews results of operations. The following tables disaggregate segment revenue by major product lines and services:
(In thousands)Three Months Ended
Curation Foods:August 29, 2021August 30, 2020
Fresh packaged salads and vegetables$89,496 $96,179 
Avocado products16,962 17,017 
Technology378 643 
Total$106,836 $113,839 
(In thousands)Three Months Ended
Lifecore:August 29, 2021August 30, 2020
Contact development and manufacturing organization$17,789 $16,488 
Fermentation4,163 5,316 
Total$21,952 $21,804 

Contract Assets and Liabilities
Contract assets primarily relate to the Company’s conditional right to consideration for work completed but not billed at the reporting date. The Company’s contract assets as of August 29, 2021 and May 30, 2021, were $10.5 million and $10.6 million, respectively.
Contract liabilities primarily relate to payments received from customers in advance of performance under the contract. The Company’s contract liabilities as of August 29, 2021 and May 30, 2021, were $1.4 million and $0.9 million, respectively. Revenue recognized during the three months ended August 29, 2021, that was included in the contract liability balance at the beginning of fiscal year 2022, was $0.2 million.
Shipping and Handling Costs
Amounts billed to third-party customers for shipping and handling are included as a component of revenues. Shipping and handling costs incurred are included as a component of cost of products sold and represent costs incurred to ship product from the processing facility or distribution center to the end consumer markets.
Legal Contingencies
In the ordinary course of business, the Company is involved in various legal proceedings and claims.
The Company makes a provision for a liability relating to legal matters when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. These provisions are reviewed at least each fiscal quarter and adjusted to reflect the impacts of negotiations, estimated settlements, legal rulings, advice of legal counsel and other information and events pertaining to a particular matter. Legal fees are expensed in the period in which they are incurred.
Compliance Matters and Related Litigation
On December 1, 2018, the Company acquired all of the voting interests and substantially all of the assets of Yucatan Foods (the “Yucatan Acquisition”), which owns a guacamole manufacturing plant in Mexico called Procesadora Tanok, S de RL de C.V. (“Tanok”).
On October 21, 2019, the Company retained Latham & Watkins, LLP to conduct an internal investigation relating to potential environmental and Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) compliance matters associated with regulatory permitting at the Tanok facility in Mexico. The Company subsequently disclosed to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) the conduct under investigation, and these agencies have commenced an investigation. The Company has also disclosed the conduct under investigation to the Mexican Attorney General’s Office, which has commenced an investigation, and to Mexican regulatory agencies. The Company is cooperating in the government investigations and requests for information. The conduct at issue began prior to the Yucatan Acquisition, and the agreement for the Yucatan Acquisition provides the Company with certain indemnification rights that may allow the Company to recover the cost of a portion of the liabilities that have been and may be incurred by the Company in connection with these compliance
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matters. On September 2, 2020, one of the former owners of Yucatan filed a lawsuit against the Company in Los Angeles County Superior Court for breach of employment agreement, breach of contract, breach of holdback agreement, declaratory relief and accounting, and related claims. The Plaintiff seeks over $10.0 million in damages, including delivery of shares of his stock held in escrow for the indemnification claims described above. On November 3, 2020, the Company filed an answer and cross-complaint against the Plaintiff and other parties for fraud, indemnification, and other claims, and seeking no less than $80 million in damages.
At this stage, the ultimate outcome of these or any other investigations, legal actions, or potential claims that may arise from the matters under investigation is uncertain and the Company cannot reasonably predict the timing or outcomes, or estimate the amount of net loss after indemnification, or its effect, if any, on its financial statements. Separately, there are indemnification provisions in the purchase agreement that may allow the Company to recover costs for breach of the purchase agreement from the seller. Because recovery of amounts are contingent upon a legal settlement, no amounts have been recorded as recoverable costs through August 29, 2021.
During the third quarter of fiscal year 2021 the Company reached a resolution with its insurance carrier that resulted in a recovery of $1.6 million. Absent further material developments in the investigation, the Company does not expect additional material recovery from the insurance carrier.

2.    Investment in Non-public Company
On February 15, 2011, Curation Foods entered into a share purchase agreement (the “Windset Purchase Agreement”) with Windset. Pursuant to the Windset Purchase Agreement, Curation Foods purchased from Windset 150,000 Senior A preferred shares for $15.0 million and 201 common shares for $201. On July 15, 2014, Curation Foods increased its investment in Windset by purchasing from the Newell Capital Corporation an additional 68 common shares and 51,211 junior preferred shares of Windset for $11.0 million. After this purchase, the Company’s common shares represented a 26.9% ownership interest in Windset. The Senior A preferred shares yielded a cash dividend of 7.5% annually. The dividend was payable within 90 days of each anniversary of the execution of the Windset Purchase Agreement. The non-voting junior preferred stock did not yield a dividend unless declared by the Board of Directors of Windset and no such dividend has been declared.
The fair value of the Company’s investment in Windset was determined utilizing the Windset Purchase Agreement’s put/call calculation for value and a discounted cash flow model based on projections developed by Windset that were reviewed by Landec, and considers the put and call conversion options. These features impact the duration of the cash flows utilized to derive the estimated fair values of the investment. These two discounted cash flow models’ estimate for fair value are then weighted. Assumptions included in these discounted cash flow models will be evaluated quarterly based on Windset’s actual and projected operating results to determine the change in fair value.
During the three months ended August 30, 2020, the Company recorded $0.3 million in dividend income. There was no change in the fair market value of the Company’s investment in Windset for the three months ended August 30, 2020.
On June 1, 2021, the Company and Curation Foods entered into and closed a Share Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Newell Capital Corporation and Newell Brothers Investment 2 Corp., as Purchasers (the “Purchasers”) and Windset, pursuant to which Curation Foods sold all of its equity interests of Windset to the Purchasers in exchange for an aggregate purchase price of $45.1 million.

3.    Stock-based Compensation and Stockholders' Equity
Stock-Based Compensation Activity
The estimated fair value for stock options, which determines the Company’s calculation of stock-based compensation expense, is based on the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Restricted stock units (“RSUs”) are valued at the closing market price of the Company’s common stock on the grant date. The Company uses the straight-line method to recognize the fair value of stock-based compensation arrangements.
During the three months ended August 29, 2021, the Company granted 703,000 options to purchase shares of common stock and awarded 83,000 RSUs.
As of August 29, 2021, the Company has reserved 4.0 million shares of common stock for future issuance under its current and former equity plans.
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Stock-Based Compensation Expense
The Company’s stock-based awards include stock option grants and RSUs. The Company records compensation expense for stock-based awards issued to employees and directors in exchange for services provided based on the estimated fair value of the awards on their grant dates and is recognized over the required service periods, generally the vesting period.
The following table summarizes stock-based compensation by income statement line item:
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)August 29, 2021August 30, 2020
Cost of product sales$37 $123 
Research and development49 64 
Selling, general and administrative534 705 
Total stock-based compensation$620 $892 

As of August 29, 2021, there was $5.0 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested equity compensation awards granted under the Landec incentive stock plans. Total expense is expected to be recognized over the weighted-average period of 2.42 years for stock options and 1.36 years for RSUs.
Stock Repurchase Plan
On July 14, 2010, the Board of Directors of the Company approved the establishment of a stock repurchase plan which allows for the repurchase of up to $10.0 million of the Company’s common stock. The Company may still repurchase up to $3.8 million of the Company’s common stock under the Company’s stock repurchase plan. The Company may repurchase its common stock from time to time in open market purchases or in privately negotiated transactions. The timing and actual number of shares repurchased is at the discretion of management of the Company and will depend on a variety of factors, including stock price, corporate and regulatory requirements, market conditions, the relative attractiveness of other capital deployment opportunities and other corporate priorities. The stock repurchase program does not obligate Landec to acquire any amount of its common stock and the program may be modified, suspended or terminated at any time at the Company's discretion without prior notice. During the three months ended August 29, 2021, the Company did not purchase any shares on the open market.

4.    Diluted Earnings Per Share 
The following table sets forth the computation of diluted earnings per share:
Three Months Ended
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
August 29, 2021August 30, 2020
Numerator:  
Net loss applicable to common stockholders$(9,477)$(11,000)
Denominator:
Weighted average shares for basic net loss per share29,424 29,242 
Effect of dilutive securities:
Stock options and restricted stock units  
Weighted average shares for diluted net loss per share29,424 29,242 
Diluted net loss per share$(0.32)$(0.38)

Due to the Company’s net loss for the three months ended August 29, 2021 and August 30, 2020, the net loss per share includes only weighted average shares outstanding. For the three months ended August 29, 2021 and August 30, 2020, the computation of the diluted net loss per share excludes the impact of options to purchase 1.4 million and 2.2 million shares of common stock, respectively, as such impacts would be antidilutive for these periods.


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5.    Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes for the three months ended August 29, 2021 and August 30, 2020, was a benefit of $2.1 million and $4.3 million, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended August 29, 2021 and August 30, 2020 was 18% and 28%, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended August 29, 2021, was lower than the statutory federal income tax rate of 21% primarily due to the movement of the valuation allowance recorded against certain deferred tax assets, partially offset by the impact of state taxes, and stock compensation including an adjustment for 162(m) related non-deductible officer’s compensation.
As of August 29, 2021 and May 30, 2021, the Company had unrecognized tax benefits of $1.1 million and $0.9 million, respectively. Included in the balance of unrecognized tax benefits as of August 29, 2021 and May 30, 2021, is $1.0 million and $0.8 million, respectively, of tax benefits that, if recognized, would result in an adjustment to the Company’s effective tax rate. The Company does not expect its unrecognized tax benefits to change significantly within the next twelve months.
The Company has elected to classify interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of its provision for income taxes. The Company has accrued an insignificant amount of interest and penalties relating to the income tax on the unrecognized tax benefits as of August 29, 2021 and May 30, 2021.
Due to tax attribute carryforwards, the Company is subject to examination for tax years 2017 forward for U.S. tax purposes. The Company is also subject to examination in various state jurisdictions for tax years 2015 forward, none of which were significant.

6.    Debt
Long-term debt, net consists of the following:
(In thousands)August 29, 2021May 30, 2021
Term loan
$128,647 $170,000 
Total principal amount of long-term debt128,647 170,000 
Less: unamortized debt issuance costs(4,814)(5,098)
Total long-term debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs123,833 164,902 
Less: current portion of long-term debt, net  
Long-term debt, net$123,833 $164,902 

On December 31, 2020, the Company refinanced its existing Term Loan and Revolver by entering into two separate Credit Agreements (the "New Credit Agreements") with BMO and Goldman Sachs Specialty Lending Group, L.P. (“Goldman”) and Guggenheim Credit Services, LLC ("Guggenheim"), as lenders (collectively, the “Refinance Lenders”). Pursuant to the credit agreement related to the revolving credit facility, BMO has provided the Company, Curation Foods and Lifecore, as co-borrowers, with an up to $75.0 million revolving line of credit (the “Refinance Revolver”) and serves as administrative agent of the Refinance Revolver. Pursuant to the credit agreement related to the term loan, Goldman and Guggenheim have provided the Company, Curation Foods and Lifecore, as co-borrowers, with an up to $170.0 million term loan facility (split equally between Goldman and Guggenheim) (the “Refinance Term Loan”) and Goldman serves as administrative agent of the Refinance Term Loan. The Refinance Revolver and Refinance Term Loan are guaranteed, and secured by, substantially all of the Company’s and the Company's direct and indirect subsidiaries' assets.
The Refinance Term Loan matures on December 31, 2025. The Refinance Revolver matures on December 31, 2025 or, if the Refinance Term Loan remains outstanding on such date, ninety (90) days prior to the maturity date of the Refinance Term Loan (on October 2, 2025).
The Refinance Term Loan provides for principal payments by the Company of 5% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears in equal installments, commencing on March 30, 2023, with the remainder due at maturity.
Interest on the Refinance Revolver is based upon the Company’s average availability, at a per annum rate of either (i) LIBOR rate plus a spread of between 2.00% and 2.50% or (ii) base rate plus a spread of between 1.00% and 1.50%, plus a commitment fee, as applicable, of 0.375%. Interest on the Refinance Term Loan is at a per annum rate based on either (i) the base rate plus a spread of 7.50% or (ii) the LIBOR rate plus a spread of 8.50%. The Refinance Term Loan Credit Agreement also states that in the event of a prepayment of any amount other than the scheduled installments within twelve months after the closing date,
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a penalty will be assessed equal to the aggregate amount of interest that would have otherwise been payable from date of prepayment event until twelve months after the closing date plus 3% of the amount prepaid.
The New Credit Agreements provide the Company the right to increase the revolver commitments under the Refinance Revolver, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions (including consent from BMO), by obtaining additional commitments from either BMO or another lending institution at an amount of up to $15.0 million.
The New Credit Agreements contain customary financial covenants and events of default under which the obligations thereunder could be accelerated and/or the interest rate increased in specified circumstances.
In connection with the New Credit Agreements, the Company incurred debt issuance costs from the lender and third-parties of $10.3 million.
Concurrent with the close of the New Credit Agreements, the Company repaid all outstanding borrowings under the previous Credit Agreement, and terminated the Credit Agreement. In connection with the repayment of borrowings under the Credit Agreement, the Company recognized a loss in fiscal year 2021 of $1.1 million, as a result of the non-cash write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs related to the refinancing under the New Credit Agreements.
As of August 29, 2021, $32.0 million was outstanding on the Refinance Revolver, at an interest rate of 3.00%. As of August 29, 2021, the Refinance Term Loan had an interest rate of 9.5%. As of August 29, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all financial covenants and had no events of default under the New Credit Agreements.
Derivative Instruments
On November 1, 2016, the Company entered into an interest rate swap contract (the “2016 Swap”) with BMO at a notional amount of $50.0 million. The 2016 Swap had the effect of changing the Company’s previous Term Loan obligation from a variable interest rate to a fixed 30-day LIBOR rate of 1.22%.
On June 25, 2018, the Company entered into an interest rate swap contract (the “2018 Swap”) with BMO at a notional amount of $30.0 million. The 2018 Swap had the effect on the Company’s previous debt of converting the first $30.0 million of the total outstanding amount of the Company’s 30-day LIBOR borrowings from a variable interest rate to a fixed 30-day LIBOR rate of 2.74%.
On December 2, 2019, the Company entered into an interest rate swap contract (the "2019 Swap") with BMO at a notional amount of $110.0 million which decreases quarterly. The 2019 Swap had the effect on our previous debt of converting primarily all of the $110.0 million of the total outstanding amount of the Company's 30-day LIBOR borrowings from a variable interest rate to a fixed 30-day LIBOR rate of 1.53%.

7.    Business Segment Reporting
The Company operates using three strategic reportable business segments, aligned with how the Chief Executive Officer, who is the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”), manages the business: the Curation Foods segment, the Lifecore segment, and the Other segment.
The Curation Foods business includes (i) four natural food brands, including Eat Smart, O Olive Oil & Vinegar, Yucatan Foods, and Cabo Fresh, (ii) BreatheWay® activities, and (iii) activity related to the Company’s previously held investment in Windset. The Curation Foods segment includes activities to market and pack specialty packaged whole and fresh-cut fruit and vegetables, the majority of which incorporate the BreatheWay specialty packaging for the retail grocery, club store and food services industry and are sold primarily under the Eat Smart brand and various private labels. The Curation Foods segment also includes sales of BreatheWay packaging to partners for fruit and vegetable products, sales of olive oils and wine vinegars under the O brand, sales of avocado products under the brands Yucatan Foods and Cabo Fresh, and activity related to the Company’s previously held investment in Windset.
The Lifecore segment sells products utilizing hyaluronan, a naturally occurring polysaccharide that is widely distributed in the extracellular matrix of connective tissues in both animals and humans, and non-HA products for medical use primarily in the Ophthalmic, Orthopedic and other markets.
The Other segment includes corporate general and administrative expenses, non-Curation Foods and non-Lifecore interest expense, interest income, and income tax expenses. Corporate overhead is allocated between segments based on actual utilization and relative size.
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All of the Company's assets are located within the United States of America except for its Yucatan production facility in Mexico.
The Company’s international sales by geography are based on the billing address of the customer and were as follows:

Three Months Ended
(In millions)August 29, 2021August 30, 2020
Canada$15.6 $16.5 
Switzerland3.4 0.1 
Ireland0.2 0.8 
Belgium 3.9 
All Other Countries1.8 1.6 

Operations by business segment consisted of the following:
(In thousands)Curation FoodsLifecoreOtherTotal
Three Months Ended August 29, 2021
Net sales$106,836 $21,952 $ $128,788 
Gross profit11,755 5,764  17,519 
Net (loss) income(2,128)580 (7,929)(9,477)
Depreciation and amortization3,190 1,547 26 4,763 
Interest income 20 7 27 
Interest expense1,376  6,541 7,917 
Income tax (benefit) expense(679)183 (1,616)(2,112)
Corporate overhead allocation1,471 1,137 (2,608) 
Three Months Ended August 30, 2020
Net sales$113,839 $21,804 $ $135,643 
Gross profit11,345 5,002  16,347 
Net (loss) income(8,271)112 (2,841)(11,000)
Depreciation and amortization3,410 1,310 28 4,748 
Dividend income281   281 
Interest income  8 8 
Interest expense1,376  1,733 3,109 
Income tax (benefit) expense(2,612)35 (1,732)(4,309)
Corporate overhead allocation1,856 1,403 (3,259) 

During the three months ended August 29, 2021 and August 30, 2020, sales to the Company’s top five customers accounted for 50% and 51% of sales, respectively. The Company’s top two customers, Costco Wholesale Corporation and Walmart Stores, Inc., from the Curation Foods segment, accounted for 15% and 17%, respectively, of revenues for the three months ended August 29, 2021, and 19% and 14%, respectively, for the three months ended August 30, 2020.

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8.    Restructuring Costs
During fiscal year 2020, the Company announced a restructuring plan to drive enhanced profitability, focus the business on its strategic assets and redesign the organization to be the appropriate size to compete and thrive. This includes a reduction-in-force, a reduction in leased office spaces and the sale of non-strategic assets.
The following table summarizes the restructuring costs recognized in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of (Loss) Income, by Business Segment:
(in thousands)Curation FoodsLifecoreOtherTotal
Three Months Ended August 29, 2021
Asset write-off costs$(567)$ $ $(567)
Employee severance and benefit costs270   270 
Lease costs468   468 
Other restructuring costs1,025  1,366 2,391 
Total restructuring costs$1,196 $ $1,366 $2,562 
Asset write-off costs
Asset write-off costs are costs related to impairment or disposal of property and equipment as part of the Company's restructuring plan to drive enhanced profitability, focus the business on its strategic assets and redesign the organization to be the appropriate size to compete and thrive. These costs are included in restructuring costs within the Consolidated Statements of Statements of (Loss) Income. See the Assets Held for Sale section within Note 1 for additional information.
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, the Company sold its interest in Ontario. The Company received net cash proceeds of $4.9 million in connection with the sale and recorded a gain of $2.8 million.
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, the Company recognized an $8.8 million impairment loss related to its Hanover building and related assets which were sold in the second quarter of fiscal year 2021.
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2022, the Company recognized a $0.6 million gain on sale related to its Rock Hill, South Carolina distribution facility.
Employee severance and benefit costs
Employee severance and benefit costs are costs incurred as a result of reduction-in-force driven by our restructuring plan and closure of offices and facilities. These costs were driven primarily by the closure of our San Rafael, California office, Santa Clara, California office, Los Angeles, California office, the sale of our Hanover manufacturing facility, and our transportation management, warehousing, and transportation services agreement with Castellini Company, LLC.
Lease Costs

In August 2020, the Company closed its leased Santa Clara, California office and entered into a sublease agreement. In the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2020 the Company closed its leased Los Angeles, California office and plans to sublease the office.

Other restructuring costs

Other restructuring costs are primarily related to consulting costs incurred in connection with the execution of the Company’s restructuring plan to drive enhanced profitability, focus the business on its strategic assets, and redesign the organization to be the appropriate size to compete and thrive.
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The following table summarizes the restructuring costs recognized in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of (Loss) Income, by Business Segment, since inception of the restructuring plan in fiscal year 2020 through the three months ended August 29, 2021:
Curation FoodsLifecoreOtherTotal
(in thousands)
Asset write-off costs, net$20,465 $ $418 $20,883 
Employee severance and benefit costs3,503  784 4,287 
Lease costs2,634  26 2,660 
Other restructuring costs5,910  3,728 9,638 
Total restructuring costs$32,512 $ $4,956 $37,468 

The total expected cost related to the restructuring plan is approximately $45.0 million.


9.     Subsequent Events
COVID-19 Pandemic
There are many uncertainties regarding the current novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic, including the scope of scientific and health issues, the anticipated duration of the pandemic, and the extent of local and worldwide social, political, and economic disruption it may cause. The COVID-19 pandemic, as well as actions taken in response to the pandemic, have had and we believe will continue to have significant adverse impacts on many aspects of the Company’s operations, directly and indirectly, including with respect to sales, customer behaviors, business and manufacturing operations, inventory, the Company’s employees, and the market generally, and the scope and nature of these impacts continue to evolve each day. The Company expects to continue to assess the evolving impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and intends to continue to make adjustments to its responses accordingly.

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Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the unaudited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in Part I, Item 1, of this Form 10-Q and the audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in Landec’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 30, 2021.
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” contains forward-looking statements regarding future events and our future results that are subject to the safe harbor created under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other safe harbors under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Words such as “anticipate”, “estimate”, “expect”, “project”, “plan”, “intend”, “believe”, “may”, “might”, “will”, “should”, “can have”, “likely” and similar expressions are used to identify forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those that we expected. Potential risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, the timing and expenses associated with operations, the ability to achieve acceptance of our new products in the market place, weather conditions that can affect the supply and price of produce, government regulations affecting our business, uncertainties related to COVID-19 and the impact of our responses to it, the timing of regulatory approvals, the ability to successfully integrate Yucatan Foods into the Curation Foods business, the mix between domestic and international sales, and those other risks mentioned in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 30, 2021.
We derive many of our forward-looking statements from our operating budgets and forecasts, which are based upon detailed assumptions. While we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, we caution that it is very difficult to predict the impact of known factors, and it is impossible for us to anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results. Accordingly, our actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements for many reasons, including the risk factors listed in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 30, 2021.
All forward-looking statements attributable to us are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements as well as others made in this report, our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 30, 2021, and hereafter in our other SEC filings and public communications.
You should evaluate all forward-looking statements made by us in the context of all risks and uncertainties described with respect to our business. We caution you that the risks and uncertainties identified by us may not be all of the factors that are important to you. Furthermore, the forward-looking statements included in this report are made only as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as otherwise required by law.

Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates
There have been no material changes to the Company's critical accounting policies and use of estimates from those disclosed in the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 30, 2021. For a discussion of our critical accounting policies and use of estimates, refer to Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates in Part II, Item 7 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 30, 2021.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
The Company is subject to several recently issued accounting pronouncements. Note 1 – Organization, Basis of Presentation, and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies – Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements which is contained in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, describes these new accounting pronouncements and is incorporated herein by reference.

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The Company

Corporate Overview
Landec Corporation and its subsidiaries (“Landec,” the “Company”, "we" or "us") design, develop, manufacture, and sell differentiated products for food and biomaterials markets, and license technology applications to partners.
Landec’s natural food company, Curation Foods, Inc. (“Curation Foods”) is focused on innovating and distributing plant-based foods with 100% clean ingredients to retail, club and foodservice channels throughout North America. Curation Foods is able to maximize product freshness through its geographically dispersed family of growers, refrigerated supply chain and patented BreatheWay® packaging technology.
Landec’s biomedical company, Lifecore Biomedical, Inc. (“Lifecore”), is a fully integrated CDMO that offers highly differentiated capabilities in the development, fill and finish of sterile, injectable pharmaceutical products in syringes and vials. As a leading manufacturer of premium, injectable grade Hyaluronic Acid, Lifecore brings 36 years of expertise as a partner for global and emerging biopharmaceutical and biotechnology companies across multiple therapeutic categories to bring their innovations to market.
Landec was incorporated in California on October 31, 1986 and reincorporated as a Delaware corporation on November 6, 2008. Landec’s common stock is listed on The NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “LNDC”. The Company’s principal executive offices are located at 2811 Airpark Drive Santa Maria, California 93455, and the telephone number is (650) 306-1650.
Reportable Segments
Landec has three reportable business segments – Curation Foods, Lifecore and Other, which are described below.
Curation Foods
Curation Foods Overview
Based in Santa Maria, California, Curation Foods’ primary business is the processing, marketing and selling of fresh packaged plant based salads and vegetables. Curation Foods serves as the corporate umbrella for its patented BreatheWay® packaging technology and for its portfolio of four natural food brands, including the Company’s legacy and flagship brand Eat Smart® as well as its three more recently acquired natural food brands, O Olive Oil & Vinegar® (“O”) products, and Yucatan® and Cabo Fresh® authentic guacamole and avocado products. The major distinguishing characteristics of Curation Foods that provide competitive advantage are insight driven product innovation, diversified fresh food supply chain, refrigerated supply chain and customer reach. We believe that Curation Foods is well positioned as a single source of a broad range of products. Curation Foods also has six processing facilities. In addition to processing, the Company has two distribution centers and a nationwide network of third party providers for nationwide delivery of all of its packaged salads, vegetable products, avocado products and specialty oil and vinegar products. Our products are currently available in over 74% of retail and club stores across North America.
During fiscal 2019, the Company redefined the strategy for its Curation Foods segment in order to improve the Company’s overall profitability by launching Project SWIFT, a value creation program designed to transform the Curation Foods business by simplifying the business, realigning its resources and seeking to improve the Company’s balance sheet through three strategic priorities - optimizing its operations networks, maximizing strategic assets and redesigning the organization to be more competitive.
Curation Foods Brands
Eat Smart: The Company sells specialty fresh packaged Eat Smart branded and private label salads, fresh-cut vegetables and whole produce to retailers, club stores, and food service operators, primarily in the United States and Canada. Within the Eat Smart brand, produce is processed by trimming, washing, sorting, blending, and packaging into bags and trays.
O Olive Oil & Vinegar: The Company acquired O on March 1, 2017. O, founded in 1995, is based in Petaluma, California, and is the premier producer of California specialty olive oils and wine vinegars. Its products are sold in natural food, conventional grocery and mass retail stores, primarily in the United States and Canada.
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Yucatan & Cabo Fresh Avocado Products: The Company acquired Yucatan Foods on December 1, 2018. Yucatan Foods was founded in 1991. As part of the acquisition of Yucatan Foods, Curation Foods acquired the newly built production facility in Guanajuato, Mexico. The Yucatan Foods business added a double-digit growth platform, a lower-cost infrastructure in Mexico, and higher margin product offerings that generally exhibit less sourcing volatility. The Company manufactures and sells Yucatan and Cabo Fresh guacamole and avocado food products primarily to the U.S. grocery channel, but also to the U.S. mass retail, Canadian grocery retail and foodservice channels.
BreatheWay Packaging Technology: The Company’s BreatheWay membrane technology establishes a beneficial packaging atmosphere adapting to changing fresh product respiration and temperature in order to extend freshness naturally. The BreatheWay supply chain packaging technology extends shelf-life and reduces shrink (waste) for retailers and helps to ensure that consumers receive fresh products. The Company generates revenue from the sale to and/or use of its BreatheWay patented packaging technology and integrated packaging solutions.
Windset: Until June 1, 2021, the Company held a 26.9% investment in Windset Holding 2010 Ltd. (“Windset”), a leading edge grower of hydroponically-grown produce. Windset owns and operates greenhouses in British Columbia, Canada and California. In addition to growing produce in its own greenhouses, Windset has numerous marketing arrangements with other greenhouse growers and utilizes buy/sell arrangements to meet fluctuation in demand from their customers. The Curation Foods segment operating results include the dividends and Landec’s share of the change in fair market value of its investment in Windset.
On June 1, 2021, the Company and Curation Foods entered into and closed a Share Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Newell Capital Corporation and Newell Brothers Investment 2 Corp., as Purchasers (the “Purchasers”) and Windset, pursuant to which Curation Foods sold all of its equity interests in Windset to the Purchasers in exchange for an aggregate purchase price of $45.1 million. Pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement, Curation Foods also retained certain rights to additional purchase price consideration in the event of certain transactions or equity issuances involving Windset until September 2022. The Purchase Agreement included various representations, warranties and covenants of the parties generally customary for a transaction of this nature.
Lifecore Biomedical
Lifecore, located in Chaska, Minnesota, is a fully integrated CDMO that offers highly differentiated capabilities in the development, fill and finish of sterile, injectable pharmaceutical products in syringes and vials. It is involved in the manufacture of pharmaceutical-grade sodium hyaluronate (“HA”) in bulk form as well as formulated and filled syringes and vials for injectable products used in treating a broad spectrum of medical conditions and procedures. Lifecore uses its fermentation process and aseptic formulation and filling expertise to be a leader in the development of HA-based products for multiple applications and to take advantage of non-HA device and drug opportunities which leverage its expertise in manufacturing and aseptic syringe filling capabilities.
Lifecore CDMO provides product development services to its partners for HA-based, as well as non-HA based, aseptically formulated and filled products. These services include activities such as technology development, material component changes, analytical method development, formulation development, pilot studies, stability studies, process validation and production of materials for clinical studies.
Built over many years of experience, Lifecore separates itself from its competition based on its five areas of expertise, including but not limited to Lifecore’s ability to:
Establish strategic relationships with market leaders:
Lifecore continues to develop applications for products with partners who have strong marketing, sales, and distribution capabilities to end-user markets. Through its strong reputation and history of providing pharmaceutical grade HA and products, Lifecore has established long-term relationships with global and emerging biopharmaceutical and biotechnology companies across multiple therapeutic categories, and leverages those partnerships to attract new relationships in other medical markets.
Expand medical applications for HA:
Due to the growing knowledge of the unique characteristics of HA and Lifecore’s unique strength and history as a trusted manufacturer of pharmaceutical injectable grade HA products, Lifecore continues to identify and pursue opportunities for the use of HA in other medical applications, such as wound care, aesthetic surgery, drug delivery, next generation orthopedics and device coatings, and through sales to academic and corporate research customers. Further applications may involve expanding process development activity and/or additional licensing of technology.
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Utilize manufacturing infrastructure to meet customer demand:
Lifecore has made strategic capital investments in its CDMO business focusing on extending its aseptic filling capacity and capabilities to meet increasing partner demand and to attract new contract filling opportunities outside of HA markets. Lifecore is using its manufacturing capabilities to provide contract manufacturing and development services to its partners in the area of sterile pre-filled syringes and vials, as well as fermentation and purification requirements.
Maintain flexibility in product development and supply relationships:
Lifecore’s vertically integrated development and manufacturing capabilities allow it to establish a variety of contractual relationships with global corporate partners. Lifecore’s role in these relationships extends from supplying HA raw materials to providing technology transfer and development services to manufacturing aseptically filled, finished sterile products, and assuming full supply chain responsibilities.
Deliver consistent quality:
Lifecore has built a world class quality and regulatory system that is demonstrated in their results, processes and customer relationships. With over 35 years of a superior track record with global regulatory bodies (FDA, EMA, ANVISA, etc.), Lifecore is the partner of choice for companies looking for proven experience in delivering QbD, cGMP compliance, and manufacturing excellence with pharmaceutical elegance and quality. Lifecore’s world class quality and regulatory system and excellent track record with the global regulatory bodies ensure partners that they will safely bring innovative therapies to market.
Other
Included in the Other segment is Corporate, which includes corporate general and administrative expenses, non-Curation Foods and non-Lifecore interest income and income tax expenses.
COVID-19 Pandemic
There are many uncertainties regarding the current novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic, including the scope of scientific and health issues, the anticipated duration of the pandemic, and the extent of local and worldwide social, political, and economic disruption it may cause. The COVID-19 pandemic, as well as actions taken in response to the pandemic, have had and we believe will continue to have significant adverse impacts on many aspects of the Company’s operations, directly and indirectly, including with respect to sales, customer behaviors, business and manufacturing operations, inventory, the Company’s employees, and the market generally, and the scope and nature of these impacts continue to evolve each day. The Company expects to continue to assess the evolving impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and intends to continue to make adjustments to its responses accordingly.

Results of Operations
Revenues:
Curation Foods revenues consist of revenues generated from (1) the sale of specialty packaged fresh-cut and whole processed vegetable products and salads that are washed and packaged in most cases in the Company’s proprietary BreatheWay packaging and sold primarily under the Eat Smart brand and various private labels, (2) O olive oils and wine vinegars, and (3) Yucatan and Cabo Fresh branded guacamole and avocado products. In addition, the Curation Foods reportable business segment includes the revenues generated from the sale of BreatheWay packaging to license partners.
Lifecore generates revenues from the development and manufacture of pharmaceutical-grade sodium hyaluronate (“HA”) products and providing contract development and aseptic manufacturing services to customers. Lifecore generates revenues from two integrated activities: (1) CDMO and (2) fermentation.

(In thousands)Three Months EndedChange
August 29, 2021August 30, 2020Amount%
Curation Foods$106,836 $113,839 $(7,003)(6)%
Lifecore21,952 21,804 148 %
Total Revenues$128,788 $135,643 $(6,855)(5)%

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Curation Foods
The decrease in Curation Foods’ revenues for the three months ended August 29, 2021, compared to the same period last year, was primarily driven by the planned reduction in Curation Foods’ legacy vegetable and tray business in connection with Project SWIFT and COVID-19 pandemic headwinds. The pandemic has delayed customer store resets and the penetration of new product innovations, and continues to pressure the foodservice channel.
Lifecore
The increase in Lifecore’s revenues for the three months ended August 29, 2021, compared to the same period last year, was due to a $1.3 million increase in CDMO revenues from an increase in development services activities primarily due to higher sales to existing customers, partially offset by a $1.2 million decrease in fermentation sales primarily due to timing of shipments.

Gross Profit:
There are numerous factors that can influence gross profit including product mix, customer mix, manufacturing costs, volume, sales discounts and charges for excess or obsolete inventory, to name a few. Many of these factors influence or are interrelated with other factors. The Company includes in cost of sales all of the following costs: raw materials (including produce, seeds, packaging, syringes and fermentation and purification supplies), direct labor, overhead (including indirect labor, depreciation, and facility-related costs), and shipping and shipping-related costs.

(In thousands)Three Months EndedChange
August 29, 2021August 30, 2020Amount%
Curation Foods$11,755 $11,345 $410 %
Lifecore5,764 5,002 762 15 %
Total Gross Profit$17,519 $16,347 $1,172 %

Curation Foods
The increase in gross profit for the Curation Foods business for the three months ended August 29, 2021, compared to the same period last year, was largely due to planned improvements in product mix and operational efficiency.
Lifecore
The increase in gross profit for the Lifecore business for the three months ended August 29, 2021, compared to the same period last year, was due primarily to the increased revenue, as well as a favorable sales mix.
Operating Expenses:
Research and Development
R&D expenses consist primarily of product development and commercialization initiatives. R&D expenses in our Curation Foods business are primarily focused on innovating our current product lines and on the Company’s proprietary BreatheWay membranes used for packaging produce, with a focus on extending the shelf-life of sensitive vegetables and fruit. In the Lifecore business, the R&D expenses are focused on new products and applications for HA-based and non-HA biomaterials. For Other, the R&D expenses are primarily focused on creating and developing new innovative lines of products.

(In thousands)Three Months EndedChange
August 29, 2021August 30, 2020Amount%
Curation Foods$1,158 $938 $220 23 %
Lifecore1,668 1,570 98 %
Total R&D$2,826